Turkey is home to the largest refugee population in the world. But with an economic downturn and a rising unemployment rate, refugees who once found safe harbor in Turkey are now facing an increasingly hostile climate—from increasing deportations, to shrinking access to the labor market, to growing xenophobia. In this report, Izza Leghtas, addresses what must be done, both within Turkey and internationally, to help protect the rights of refugees in Turkey.
Due to severe drought and conflict, Ethiopia is facing a large scale displacement crisis. Lack of food, shelter, and water are threatening the lives of millions of internally displaced people. This report examines one forgotten population—the 350,000 people displaced by a severe 2015-16 drought in the country’s Somali region—and what must be done in order to build resilience, address humanitarian needs, and prevent this from happening again.
Last year in 2018, President Trump and his administration received a failing grade for their performance on refugee and humanitarian protection. This year is no different; indeed, performance has only gotten worse.
A military offensive by the Syrian regime and its Russian ally in Syria’s northwest Idlib province has displaced more than half a million people from their homes, causing a humanitarian nightmare. This report examines the humanitarian crisis and offers solutions that could save thousands of lives and alleviate the suffering of hundreds of thousands more.
Cyclones Idai and Kenneth devastated Mozambique and Zimbabwe in March and April 2019. The cyclones demonstrate an ugly truth: climate change will affect Africa more severely than any other continent. That the two cyclones occurred at that time of year, with this severity, and in these locations was remarkable. As humanitarians continue to respond to the needs of storm survivors, including a looming food crisis affecting up to a third of the population in Zimbabwe, the region must also prepare for similar storms in the future.
As more than 4 million Venezuelans flee their country, the risk of trafficking and sexual exploitation of Venezuelan women and girls is becoming more acute and demands urgent attention. Moreover, the number of reported female Venezuelan victims of trafficking is on the rise. In this report, Devon Cone and Melanie Teff examine the crisis of trafficking of Venezuelan women in the contexts of Colombia, Ecuador, Trinidad and Tobago, and Curaçao and recommend a path forward for confronting trafficking and enhancing regional cooperation on this critical issue.
The humanitarian situation in the northeast Syria remains extremely fragile and could deteriorate quickly. Those involved in the region must take steps to bolster stability, address humanitarian needs, and enhance community reliance.
Those with lived refugee experience – whether still in displacement, resettled, or returned – offer necessary perspectives to inform smart, practical, and sustainable programs. The first-ever Global Refugee Forum (GRF) in December 2019 will serve as a clear litmus test of international commitment to refugee participation under the framework of the Global Compact on Refugees.
Almost 1.2 million Venezuelans have entered Ecuador since 2015, most of whom have traveled onward to Peru or other third countries as they flee economic and social collapse at home. As more Venezuelans with increasingly acute needs arrive and choose to stay, Ecuador must do more to protect and provide opportunities for Venezuelans—and international donors must respond more generously.
Cameroon has long been viewed as a model of stability in a region fraught with conflict. Under the surface, however, tensions between its Anglophone and Francophone populations have simmered for decades. In October 2016, violence erupted in the Anlgophone North-West and South-West (NWSW) regions, and has since displaced more than 530,000 people and killed 1,800. If the government of Cameroon and international donors do not act, the humanitarian situation will rapidly deteriorate.
The Trump administration asserts that its policies at the U.S. southern border are designed to protect women and children from traffickers. However, its actions tell a very different story. Yael Schacher paints a scathing picture of how the administration is rolling back protections for victims of trafficking that have been established over the last decade.
Refugees International’s primer for members of the 116th Congress on international humanitarian assistance provides background on the proud, bipartisan tradition of U.S. leadership in humanitarian affairs, the value of U.S. investment in humanitarian and development funding, and the humanitarian imperative of the U.S. refugee resettlement program, and outlines several key priority areas for policymakers.
Based on first-hand witness accounts from Rohingya who had arrived in Bangladesh from Myanmar just days before, a new Refugees International report details ongoing harassment, arbitrary detention, and forced labor for Rohingya who remain in Myanmar.
As the crisis in Venezuela has intensified, 3.4 million Venezuelans have fled their homes—many to other countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Only 40 miles from the coast of Venezuela, an estimated 10,000 to 13,000 Venezuelans have fled to Curaçao in search of safe harbor. But once on the island, many of them live hidden and afraid with no real opportunities to obtain international protection or other forms of legal stay.
The Venezuelan displacement crisis has continued to grow during the first months of 2019. Now in its fourth year, this is one of the largest displacement crises in the world—3.4 million have fled Venezuela, and the global community is watching to see how the region responds. As affected states convene in Quito to discuss a way forward, they must use the opportunity to harmonize policies and mobilize support for a coordinated, effective response. Refugees International takes stock of recent developments in view of the goals of the Quito Process and recommends national- and regional-level action.
MINUSCA faces serious challenges in the Central African Republic, but Alexandra Lamarche says many of these challenges can be solved. In a memo, she outlines her recommendations for the country’s new UN Special Representative of the Secretary General Mr. Mankeur Ndiaye as he takes command of the mission.
The humanitarian situation in Syria is fragile—and a lot is at stake with a planned U.S. reduction in troops. Jesse Marks and Hardin Lang outline what must be done to respond to the current humanitarian crisis and to protect civilians.
Years of instability and violence in the Central African Republic have led to large-scale displacement and a desperate need for international aid. This year, more than half of the country's 4.6 million people will depend on humanitarian assistance for protection and survival. But despite the negative trendlines, there is an opportunity for progress.
Turkey currently hosts the largest population of refugees in the world, including a growing number of Afghan refugees. Following a recent change in asylum procedures for Afghans and other non-Syrians in Turkey, Afghans have been facing increasing difficulties in registering with the authorities. Izza Leghtas and Jessica Thea recommend ways in which Turkish officials can make policy adjustments that will better ensure the rights of refugees.
A fragile new peace deal in South Sudan has brought cautious hope to the country’s 4.5 million displaced, and talks of returning forcibly displaced populations from inside and outside the country have gained momentum. But Dan Sullivan warns that large-scale returns are premature.
As the number of refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants in desperate situations worldwide reaches historic levels, no nation alone can respond effectively to the challenge this presents. But two new agreements, the Global Compacts on Refugees and Migration, are historic efforts to seek international cooperation. Alice Thomas and Mark Yarnell outline some of the key achievements of the compacts and make recommendations for moving them forward.
Despite jubilation in Ethiopia and abroad since reformer Abiy Ahmed became prime minister in April 2018, a major humanitarian crisis has unfolded in the south of the country. The government is pressing for displaced people to return home, but their villages are still unsafe and their homes must be rebuilt. Mark Yarnell offers recommendations for mitigating the crisis.
Today, some two million people are effectively trapped in a space of 140 square miles without reliable access to clean water, sufficient food, adequate medical care, or the ability to make a living. Living conditions in Gaza are the worst they have ever been, and Daryl Grisgraber presents a sobering picture of a humanitarian crisis that is worsening.
At the United Nations General Assembly, President Trump is likely to declare that the United States is the world’s leader in humanitarian assistance. Refugees International outlines five things the president must do to begin to transform his rhetoric about U.S. leadership into reality.
One year ago this week, Hurricane María made landfall in Puerto Rico causing catastrophic damage to the island. Women and girls are typically disproportionately impacted in natural disasters, and there are widely held standards and guidelines in place to guarantee their protection before, during, and after an emergency. However, insufficient protocols were put in place to ensure that women were protected during and after the storm. In fact, violence against women increased after Hurricane María, and women’s rights activists have now declared a crisis of gender-based violence (GBV) in the storm’s aftermath.
The Jordan Compact is an ambitious effort by the international community and the Kingdom of Jordan to help mitigate the economic toll of hosting a large number of Syrian refugees and turn it into a development opportunity. However, more than two years into the Compact, the results are disappointing and many refugees in Jordan are worse off.
The Trump administration is engaged in a sustained campaign against vulnerable women, men, and children seeking asylum in the United States. It is an effort waged through policies and actions designed to deter individuals from seeking protection, and to close off avenues for asylum that are well grounded in international and domestic law and established practice. In a new report, Refugees International provides recommendations for ending abuses against vulnerable people seeking protection from persecution at the U.S. southern border.