El Salvador

The Daily Dot: Lawsuit against Trump immigration decision cites ‘sh*thole countries’ remark

A class action lawsuit will be filed on Monday to try and overturn President Donald Trump’s decision to terminate temporary protected status (TPS) granted to immigrants fleeing natural disasters or conflict.

The lawsuit is the first to challenge the administration’s decision and is being brought by nine TPS status holders and five of their U.S. citizen children. The complaint will be filed with a district court in San Francisco by the ACLU Foundation of Southern California, the National Day Laborer Organizing Network (NDLON) and law firm Sidley Austin.

It argues that the “new rule violates the constitutional rights of school-age United States citizen children of TPS holders, by presenting them with an impossible choice: they must either leave their country or live without their parents.”

The Trump administration controversially ended the protections for all individuals from El Salvador, Haiti, Nicaragua, and Sudan back in January. 

The complaint also cites reports, made days after the announcement of the administration’s plans, that the president had criticized the nations affected as “shithole countries.” The lawsuit argues that remark are proof that the administration’s decision “arises from the Trump Administration’s repeatedly-expressed racism toward non-white, non-European people from other countries.”

Immigrants from ten Central American and African countries have been afforded TPS since it was signed into law by President George H.W. Bush under the Immigration Act of 1990, many building businesses and raising families in the U.S. in the decades since.

Salvadorans make up 262,000 of the beneficiaries, more than half of the overall 436,000 TPS immigrants. Many came to the U.S. after two earthquakes devastated their country in 2001 or during the 1990s, fleeing a civil war.

According to a 2017 report by the Center for Migration Studies, 51 percent of Salvadoran TPS beneficiaries have resided in the U.S. for more than 20 years and 34 percent own a mortgage. The Department of Homeland Security has given them until September 2019 to leave or change their immigration status before deportations are enforced. As far as the DHS is concerned, the conditions under which the status was granted no longer exists.

Still, advocacy groups like Refugees International have protested that the country, although rebuilt, still suffers from severe economic problems and violent organized crime.

“This is a bad decision,” Refugees International president Eric Schwartz toldThe Guardian reflecting on Trump’s decision. “Given conditions in El Salvador, the return of hundreds of thousands of law-abiding residents of the United States who have been here for nearly two decades is just wrong. It’s wrong ethically and in terms of U.S. interests in stability in El Salvador.”

The lawsuit filed in California, however, will make its case against separating families and the constitutionality of the new policy. ACLU legal director Ahilan Arulanantham putting it quite simply: “These American children should not have to choose between their country and their family.” 

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IR Insider: Trump Administration Reverses Temporary Protected Status for Salvadorans

United States Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen M. Nielsen on Monday reversed a policy that has allowed over 200,000 Salvadorans to live and work in the United States since 2001. The program, Temporary Protected Status (TPS), provides legal status for undocumented immigrants seeking refuge from countries riven by natural disaster, civil war or other conflict, according to the New York Times. TPS was granted for Salvadorans after two major earthquakes struck their country in early 2001, leading many to seek refuge in the U.S.

Following the designation, the Bush and Obama administrations continued to extend the protected status due to political, economic and social strife in a gang-ravaged El Salvador, which had the highest murder rate in Central America last year, reported the Washington Post. The Trump Administration, however, rescinded the protection on the basis that El Salvador had recovered from the 2001 earthquakes, the original reason for the program’s institution, reported the Washington Post.

“This is a bad decision,” Refugees International president Eric Schwartz told The Guardian. “Given conditions in El Salvador, the return of hundreds of thousands of law-abiding residents of the United States who have been here for nearly two decades is just wrong. It’s wrong ethically and in terms of US interests in stability in El Salvador.”

The decision could cause drastic harm to the Salvadoran economy. Political scientist Manuel Orozco told NPR that 80 to 85 percent of Salvadorans in the U.S. send home remittances, which totals over $4.5 billion per year, the Washington Post reports, and 17 percent of El Salvador’s GDP, according to World Bank.

The U.S. could also suffer from the lost legal statuses of Salvadorans, many of whom work for companies that are assisting in the clean-up and reconstruction efforts of hurricane-ravaged areas, including Houston.

“During hurricane recovery, I especially need those men,” Stan Marek, a construction company executive, told the New York Times. “If they lose their status, I have to terminate them.”

If the decision stands, Salvadorans who were previously protected must leave the U.S. by Sept. 9, 2019, or risk staying illegally. Undocumented immigrants with U.S.-born children fear their families could be torn apart.

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