The UN Global Compacts on Refugees and Migration
The number of refugees and displaced persons world-wide has reached historic levels, with more than 68.5 million people having fled armed conflict and persecution. According to the United Nations, the number of refugees has topped 25.4 million, with the conflict in Syria alone having forced 5.6 million civilians to seek safety abroad. While hundreds of thousands of refugees and migrants have sought to cross to Europe via the deadly Central Mediterranean route, the vast majority of refugees – 85 per cent – remain in developing or middle-income countries, with least developed countries hosting one in three refugees.
But armed conflict is not the only driver of displacement. Gang violence, grave human rights violations, disasters brought on by natural hazards and the adverse impacts of climate change are increasingly forcing people from their homes.
In response to this global crisis and to address future challenges, UN member states made a unanimous commitment in 2016 to the historic New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, in which member states pledged to create both a Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) and a Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) by the end of 2018. The GCR and GCM are to outline shared responsibilities to protect those who have been forced to flee their homes and guarantee support for countries helping these refugee and migrant populations.
Refugees International has been actively engaged in the processes to develop these two crucial documents. Below are policy briefs, blogs, and media interviews in which RI staff convey their recommendations for crafting effective and strong compact agreements.
Official Draft: Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (Released on July 11)
Official Draft: Global Compact on Refugees (Released September 13)