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The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution on Wednesday demanding that Sudan and South Sudan immediately stop fighting and conclude negotiations within three months on the issues of citizenship, oil revenue sharing, borders, and the status of Abyei.
Tensions between the two countries reached a fever pitch when South
Sudan took over the oil-producing town of Heglig inside the north, with
Sudan retaliating through a series of aerial bombardments. There was a
general fear within the UN that both countries were headed to war again,
and in its resolution the Security Council made clear that the two
countries’ actions constituted a threat to international peace and
Another important part of the resolution was its endorsement of the African Union Peace and Security Council Communiqué of April 24. Thabo Mbeki, the lead negotiator for the AU’s High Level Implementation Panel, has repeatedly said that both countries have been unwilling to negotiate in good faith. And here in New York, there’s a sense among some members of the Security Council that each side’s priority is to harm the other, even at the risk of undermining their own self interest.